The world of contraceptive techniques may be slated to get a refresher course if scientists’ optimistic reports are to be believed. Recent research has pointed attempts to create an effective male contraceptive pill in an entirely new direction. While there isn’t yet any indication of when a safe and effective product will hit the market, the fruit of these studies bears investigation. Such a breakthrough could effectively ease the burden of birth control from the shoulders of women, and that’s big news.
What Is It?
The proposed pill would target two specific proteins responsible for the release of sperm from the testes during ejaculation. This differs substantially from prior research attempts, which focused on hormonal controls, which were not significantly successful. These two proteins—Alpha1A-adrenoceptor and P2X1-purinoceptor—are known as receptor molecules that act in tandem with other proteins to release sperm via the vas deferens during ejaculation.
The breakthrough was discovered in studies conducted on laboratory mice. When the genes responsible for the release of these proteins were excised or otherwise rendered inert, the male mice were rendered completely infertile although they continued to mate normally. The key focus of research currently is a method by which this may be effected without lasting infertility. Essentially, scientists are seeking a way to temporarily render sexually active men infertile, without effecting permanent infertility.
While female contraception of this type has long been in use, the male equivalent has been delayed by several factors, both of practical and cultural impact. First, the idea that it is simpler to forestall the female fertility drive has logical underpinnings—females produce only a single sex cell that is released at a specific time within a defined cycle. Males produce billions of sex cells that are released upon ejaculation, and only a single sperm is needed for effective implantation of the fertilized ovum.
Shifting perceptions about the ideological active versus passive roles each sex plays will continue to have an impact, but it should be noted that the development of such a pill would be far from emasculating. Rather, it would offer men one more option in their choice of contraception, and free those for whom sexually transmitted disease is not a concern from using less preferable options.
The specific challenges facing the male contraceptive pill’s development are related to loopholes in their effectiveness. To date, hormonally or genetically tampering with sperm cells enacted potentially disastrous changes in the genetic information carried by the sperm. In the event of pregnancy, this often bodes ill for the offspring, entailing some significantly dangerous defects that would inhibit health and quality of life. Therefore, the goal of current efforts is to produce a pill that has a temporary and completely reversible effect. Further, this pill would not impact the sperm cells directly but would simply prevent their release, negating the concerns for genetic impacts in the event of pill failure.
Existing and Future Research
Adrenoceptor-blocking drugs are already widely used to treat benign hyperplasia, a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. Building on the existing body of research and the available capacities of current drugs on the market, researchers are optimistic that they will develop an effective and safe contraceptive pill for men in the near future. Taken in tandem with existing efforts within a partnership, such a pill would prove to increase the safety and enjoyment of both partners, sharing responsibility equally.
Aaron Smith is blogging for Erectile Doctor. He enjoys blogging about men’s health, different diets, and mens health issues. When he is not writing, he enjoys spending quality time with his family.
Do you consider yourself to be a giving person? Maybe you donate money to good causes, give away your old belongings or volunteer your time at a local school or nursing home. If you feel charitable and want to give the ultimate gift to mankind upon your passing, you might wish to donate your body to science.
When you donate body to science, you will be helping your fellow man by finding new cures for diseases. You also will be assisting in the education of medical students who learn about human anatomy and how to carry out surgical procedures. Here are five good reasons to consider signing up for a full body donation program.
You’ll Be Leaving Behind the Ultimate Gift
When you are a registered full body donor, you will be leaving behind the greatest gift you could ever give mankind. You’ll be benefiting science through education and research, creating a positive (educational) experience out of a negative (your death) and will be able to be proactive after your passing.
Sparing your Loved Ones Anguish and Expense
While your loved ones surely will be upset when you die, if you’re a registered full body donor, they will be spared the anguish of having to decide what to do with your remains. And, because body donation programs pay for the transportation of your body to and from their facilities as well as cover the cost of cremation, your family members will save thousands of dollars. Even though death is inevitable, it doesn’t have to be a distressing event that costs a fortune and with body donation, it’s neither.
You’d Be Fulfilling a Need that’s Great
Even though around 15,000 Americans sign up donate their bodies each year, there is always a need for more donors. There is a lack of anatomical subjects in many schools and medical training facilities and often, donated bodies are shared between institutions. Your donated body can be used to teach students surgery, orthopedics, cardiology, neurology, and ophthalmology as well as other specialty areas. You could be helping to save a countless number of lives and play a role in finding cures for the most devastating diseases which plague the world. In short, a potentially countless number of people could enjoy optimum health because of your generosity.
It’s Easy to Do
it is not difficult to donate a body to science as all you need to do is register to become a donor at the website of a donor program. Once you are registered, you will be told to inform your family or those responsible for your arrangements following your death. This is because your next of kin or close friend will be involved in the donation process once you pass away.
Your Family Will Be Informed About the Impact You’ve Made
Most body donation programs offer to update the surviving family on current research projects and the impact the full body donors have made to society. This gives your loved ones a great deal of peace of mind knowing that your generosity did indeed made a difference in the lives of many people. You’ll be leaving a legacy behind for your children and grandchildren that may inspire future generations to register for full body donation programs.
Author Bio: Justin Jonas works in health care industry. He blogs about health, science and social causes.
Researchers recruited 800 migraine sufferers and 200 cluster headache sufferers. While findings are preliminary, results showed that more than half of the migraine sufferers said their pain subsided after a bout of passion with their partners. Their research was reported in Cephalalgia, the journal of the International Headache Society. The researchers suggested that sex triggers the release of endorphins, the body’s natural painkillers, which can reduce, or even eliminate, a headache, The Telegraph reported. While headaches have long been used as an excuse for not having sex, the researchers reported that the male subjects in particular used sex as a “therapeutic tool.” “Our results show that sexual activity during a migraine attack might relieve or even stop an attack in some cases, and that sexual activity in the presence of headache is not an unusual behavior,” the researchers wrote, according to The Telegraph. “Sex can abort migraine and cluster headache attacks, and sexual activity is used by some patients as acute headache treatment.”
Today marks World AIDS Day, a time for the global community to recognize the widespread impact of HIV/AIDS.
Right now, 1.2 million people in the U.S. and 33.4 million people around the world live with HIV/AIDS, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, is caused by HIV, or the human immunodeficiency virus, and is considered the last step of the infection. AIDS has killed 25 million people around the world since 1981, the Department of Health reported.
For some, it takes years to get pregnant, while others get an unexpected surprise without even trying. Whatever the case, finding out that you are pregnant for the first time can make your world spin. Your first step to finding out what the hell is going on with your body is to find a credible home pregnancy test that you can trust.
Given the array of pregnancy kits sold on the market today, it has become increasingly confusing to choose between brands. To help you out, we have summed up five of the most effective early pregnancy tests for your benefit.
Consumer Reports has consistently given First Response high ratings as the most effective and accurate pregnancy test currently available.
Like all other home pregnancy tests (HPTs), First Response bases its results on human chorionic gonadotropin, or hCG, a hormone that is only produced when a woman is with child. Unlike some other brands, First Response has a 95% accuracy rating when it comes to early detection. You can have an answer before you’ve even missed your first period.
First Response is available as a digital reader, where the results are clearly stated with a yes or no, or the manual type, where two lines means positive.
Clear Blue Easy easily tops the leaderboard for the digital tests category. According to consumer research, this digital kit guarantees 99% accuracy and is powerful enough to detect hCG hormones five days before a missed period.
Generally, HPTs are created to perform a single job: to detect the levels of hCG in a urine sample to conclude if it is a positive or a negative. But what sets Detect5 Progressive Pregnancy test apart is that is utilizes a 5-level detection of hCG, which means a much more thorough and accurate identification.
Each Detect5 Progressive stick is regulated with 5 varying hCG sensitivity levels that promises a 99% accuracy.
Fourth on the list is the EPT home pregnancy kit which has received some of the highest accuracy marks from medical professionals.
What makes EPT stand out is the ease of use they offer to their customers. Created with separate test and control windows, EPT is very easy to interpret and can be used on the first day of a missed period. Available in Manual and Digital forms, EPT is widely sold in major stores and pharmacies.
As the name suggests, this brand of pregnancy kit is virtually error-free, whether you opt for it’s digital or manual test forms. The Error Proof test can detect hCG levels 5 days before missing your menstrual period.
The importance of early pregnancy detection cannot be understated. The sooner you find out that you are expecting, the sooner you can start the prenatal care and lifestyle changes needed to ensure your baby’s proper development.
Although for the majority of us it is a regular occurrence of our everyday life, sitting for long periods of time has been suggested to increase risks of diabetes, heart disease and death. Scientists from both Loughborough and Leicester Universities reveal that it can cause harm even if people are regularly exercising.
Diabetes UK has stated that anyone who spends a lot of time sitting down or lying down would obviously benefit from getting around and moving a bit more than they do. Unfortunately a large part of everyday life for most people involves sitting at a desk in work, sitting in cars, watching TV on the couch and sitting using computers.
Many try to counteract these large stints of sitting about through exercise, getting about or heading to the gym a couple of times a week. Dr Emma Wilmot of the Diabetes Group at the University of Leicester and her team stated that although there are obvious benefits of getting some exercise instead of heading straight back to the couch, spending a long time sitting down will still be bad for you.
The research involved looking at a variety of studies that have been assessed using different measures, for instance self reported sitting times, the number of hours a week spent watching TV etc. It is believed that due to the different measurements and time lengths, it is difficult to put an absolute figure on just how much time sitting is bad for you. What was clear from the studies was that the longer a person sat, the more likely they were to have a higher risk of diabetes, heart disease and death compared to those who spent less time sitting down.
Dr Wilmot stated that clearly if someone has spent all day working, then heads to the gym after to get some exercise, would have a better health outcomes compared to their work colleague who goes home to watch TV. However there is still a health risk in the amount of sitting down you do throughout the day, a job that involves standing or walking about throughout the day is going to have a lower health risk than a desk job.
The strongest associations from the analysis were found between sitting for long periods and diabetes. Being sedentary adversely affects glucose levels in the body and increases the resistance to insulin; however it is unclear why this happens. There are of course a number of workarounds that can be done to cut down on the amount of sitting time you do at work. You can opt to take short breaks to walk about a bit every so often, have meetings standing up, get out and walk around at your lunch break and choose to do things that get you up and about in the evenings.
Dr Matthew Hobbs, the head of research at Diabetes UK said that even with these results in mind, people should not be discouraged from getting regular exercise. What is clear from the research is that those that spend a lot of time sitting about could benefit greatly from swapping some of this time by doing something more active and get up and walking about. Getting active is also a great way of getting rid of any unwanted weight whilst at the same time cutting down on your risk of Type 2 diabetes.
Author Byline: Gareth writes on behalf cash health plans. who offer a number of private health insurance plans including dental options and
It is difficult to predict what the trends will be in the future, but an in-depth look at the past can aid in evaluating where we have been and where we may be headed. Interesting statistical data shown in this graphic show how teens’ and young adults’ habits, pursuits, and aspirations have changed over the space of approximately 30 years, from 1982 to 2012.
The reader’s lifespan likely fits within the time span indicated and as he studies the data, he will begin to recognize just how all-encompassing these changes are that have taken place in such a relatively short time. What type of movies will our children like in the future? Will they have the opportunity to attend college? The answers to these and other related questions may be easier to predict after a close look at these facts, providing factors such as political and economic conditions remain comparable. In any case, it is interesting to study the past.
On November 7, 1991, Earvin ‘Magic’ Johnson first announced to the world he was HIV-positive, and from that day on, he has been tirelessly fighting the HIV/AIDS epidemic and advocating for those living with HIV/AIDS. ESPN documented Mr. Johnson’s personal journey, how the world has been affected since November 7, 1991, and the current state of the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
“Magic Johnson is a hero and icon in the fight against AIDS. We applaud the courage and leadership he continues to show in this battle over the years and thank ESPN for both pointing a lens at his remarkable life “For over ten years, Magic and AHF have forged a partnership that now includes six free AHF ‘Magic’ Johnson treatment clinics and several nationwide HIV testing initiatives. On World AIDS Day this past December, we announced plans for three new AHF ‘Magic’ Johnson clinics set to open this year: Brooklyn, NY; Ft. Worth, TX and Atlanta, GA. As a public figure—and through his own personal experience living successfully with HIV—Magic serves as a beacon, letting others who may also be infected know that seeking medical care and lifesaving antiretroviral treatment is the right thing to do.”
Johnson, whose business interests include a wide portfolio of successful ventures operating under the umbrella of his Magic Johnson Enterprises, is also is Chairman and Founder of the respected non-profit Magic Johnson Foundation, which raises funds for community-based organizations focused on HIV/AIDS education and prevention. The Foundation also works to develop programs and provide services that address the broader educational, health and social needs of ethnically diverse, urban communities throughout the nation.
ABOUT AHF: AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF), the largest global AIDS organization, currently provides medical care and services to more than 124,000 individuals in 26 countries worldwide in the US, Africa, Latin America/Caribbean the Asia/Pacific region and Eastern Europe. www.aidshealth.org
ABOUT MJF: Since 1991, the Magic Johnson Foundation (MJF) has served and enriched urban communities nationwide. MJF has evolved from an HIV grant-making organization to one that advocates for community-based organizations and supports educational empowerment through HIV/AIDS education/testing/awareness work, minority college access and digital literacy.
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