Summer is quickly approaching, and with warmer weather comes all sorts of bug problems. The reasons bugs are more prevalent during summer is that insects go into hiding during the colder months and they come out and reproduce once the environment becomes warmer. So, even though it’s wonderful to go on a picnic during summer, you should not forget to take precautions against insects that you’ll likely meet. You should even be more careful with some species of insects. Some bugs are harmless, while others not only inflict pain, but also endanger health.
Ticks are often considered as a pet problem. But these critters can also affect humans because they can carry and transmit microorganisms that cause serious illnesses. Two examples of tick-borne diseases are: Lyme disease or borreliosis, which causes carditis (heart inflammation), cranial nerve palsy, fever and arthritis; and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, which alters the mental status and causes muscle pain and headache. Tick population is very high during summer, and the bugs attach themselves to exposed skin.
Mosquitoes are minute bugs that carry organisms that cause very dangerous illnesses. They are very noticeable during warmer weather, and are most abundant a few days after rain. A mosquito bite is not very painful, but it is itchy. A small welt normally forms on the bite site, but it gradually disappears after a few minutes. Infection rarely occurs. Mosquitoes can transmit bacteria, viruses and parasites that cause the following: West Nile virus, dengue fever, malaria, and dog heartworm, to name a few.
3. Venomous Spiders
Regular house spiders are not a serious problem. But if summer brings black widow spiders, tarantulas or brown recluse spiders to your door, then you should employ pest control methods to keep these creatures away. Almost all spiders have venom, but their poison is usually not enough to kill or cause serious injury to humans. But some species are more dangerous than others, and two examples are the black widow and brown recluse. The severity of the reaction will usually depend on the health status and age of a victim. Children and the elderly experience more serious effects. Other species, like the tarantula, aren’t as poisonous, but their bites can be very painful.
Wasps are notorious stinging insects. A disturbed wasp can sting not just once but several times. Its stings are painful. But some are allergic to wasp stings. Sensitive individuals can experience an anaphylactic reaction, which is a severe allergic reaction. Victims must be brought to a hospital as soon as possible in order to prevent death.
Bees, in general, only sting once. But there are some species, like bumblebees, that can sting more than once, similar to other stinging insects, such as wasps and yellow jackets. Then, there are also very aggressive bees, like the Africanized bees, also known as “killer bees.” A slight disturbance can trigger them to strike. Their attack takes longer, and they don’t give up easily. Jumping in water won’t save you from these bees because they will hover over the water and wait for you to resurface. Stings from these bees, and from other stinging creatures, can cause a severe allergic reaction. There is no known cure for a bee sting. Prevention and avoidance are the best ways to avoid sting injuries.
The article is by Claire Trent, a freelance blogger who specializes in issues about pest management. Many of her articles are about pest control in Washington DC, and she hopes that her articles will educate people about their pest control options.